Simple and Surgical Extraction
A tooth extraction is the permanent removal of a tooth from its socket and may be done manually using forceps or surgically. Surgical extraction is usually indicated for removing a tooth that is severely damaged due to gum disease or tooth decay. Extraction is considered when the tooth cannot be saved with other treatments such as root canal treatment and to prevent infection from spreading to other areas of your mouth. It may also be performed to extract extra teeth.
Surgical extraction is performed on an outpatient basis under local or general anesthesia depending on the particulars of your case. The surgeon makes a small incision in the gum to expose the tooth to be extracted. The tooth is grasped, freed from surrounding tissue and removed. Sometimes it is necessary to remove some of the bone around the tooth or cut the tooth into parts to extract it easily. After the tooth is removed, the incision is closed with dissolvable sutures or normal sutures that are removed after a few days.
As with any surgery, a surgical extraction of the tooth may be associated with certain risks and complications which include infections that can spread to other parts of the body and dislodgement of the protective blood clot in the socket leading to a painful, dry socket where the bone is exposed. It is important not to smoke, chew tobacco or suck on straws during the healing process to prevent a dry socket.